Contributed By Dr Thimappa Hegde
Chapter 14 GUNATRAYA GUNATITHA VIBHAGA YOGA
Recap Contributed By Dr Ravishankar
Chapter 15 PURUSHOTTAMA YOGA
This is a the climax of the Gita
yō māmēvamasammūḍhō jānāti puruṣōttamam |
sa sarvavidbhajati māṃ sarvabhāvēna bhārata || 15.19 ||
1st Fundamental Law of Vedanta 13th Chapter
I am different from whatever I experience- Atma Anatma Viveka
2nd Fundamental Law of Vedanta 14th Chapter
All attributes/gunas I experience belong to the experienced objects and not to me, the experiencer/the subject/the Atma.- I am Gunatitha, I, as Atma, I am Nirguna.
15th Chapter- Who is Purushottama ?
Whom do you love the most ?- •Utthama purusha - represents 1st person
•Madhyama purusha - represents the 2nd person
Who Am I ?- •I am that which illumines the
Ego, MIND, BODY, THE WORLD
•The Sat-Chit-Ananda – The Atma
iti guhyatamaṃ śāstramidamuktaṃ mayā'nagha |
ētat buddhvā buddhimān syāt kṛtakṛtyaśca bhārata || 15.20 ||
SAMSARA AS ASHWATTA VRIKSHA
CHAPTER 15 – SHLOKA 15.1 & 15.2
Contributed By Dr. Anupama
ūrdhvamūlamadhaḥśākhamaśvatthaṃ prāhuravyayam |
chandāṃsi yasya parṇāni yastaṃ vēda sa vēdavit || 15.1 ||
The Lord said: “They speak of the eternal peepal-tree (of Samsāra) whose tap
root is above, whose branches are below, and whose leaves are the Vēdās. He
who knows it is the knower of the Vēdās”.
adhaścōrdhvaṃ prasṛtāstasya śākhā
guṇapravṛddhā viṣayapravālāḥ |
karmānubandhīni manuṣyalōkē || 15.2 ||
Its branches, which are nourished by the gūṇas and whose shoots are the
sense-objects, are spread below and above. Further, (its) roots are stretched
below, causing actions in the world of men.
Krishna compares Brahman to the primary root of the samsara tree
•The entire visible universe to the trunk and branches
•The karmakanda ( the ritualistic part of the veda) to the leaves which perpetuate the samsara vriksha
•Mulani anusantatani the secondary roots spread all over
•Karmanubandhini the consequences of raga_ dvesah vasanas are a variety of karmas
Where is this happening?
•This is the biography of a human being
The destination of a spiritual seeker is moksha .
•Moksha is defined as SAMSARA NIVRTTI i.e. freedom from SAMSARA.
What is SAMSARA?
•Entaglement in the web of anatma by losing sight of the ATMA-TATVAM in ourselves is called SAMSARA.
HOW DO WE ATTAIN MOKSHA?
•BRHAMA-JNANAM is the only path that leads to MOKSHA.
•To describe this SAMSARA-
- the changing universe
- the changing beings
- the changing life
Krishna compares SAMSARA to a huge peepal tree as done in Kathopanishad.
Shankara brings forth several common features between the universe and the peepal tree as mentioned here.
Similarities between the Peepal Tree and the Samsara
MAHATVAM Both are huge and vast
The support of the tree à Invisible root
Bhagavan is VISHVA ADHARAM – YET INVISIBLE
SAMSARA NIVRTTI UPAYA
CHAPTER 1 5– SHLOKA 15.3 to 15.5
Contributed By Dr Sunder
BRAHMAN ALONE MANIFESTS AS JIVA
CHAPTER 15 – SHLOKA 15.8
Contributed BY Dr Ahalya
BRAHMAN ALONE MANIFESTS AS JAGAT
CHAPTER 15 - SHLOKA 15.12
Contributed By Smt Rama
CHAPTER 15 - SHLOKA 15.18
Contributed By Dr Kiran M
Uttama Purusha (V17-19)
•Chapter 15 begins with Urdhva Mulam- the supreme source from which whole CYCLE of life has churned.
•Here Lord Krishna explains this Supreme source.
•This Chapter has Upanishadic flavour. This part is Mainly from Chandhogya Upanishad chapter 8.
•Chapter is Musical- Like “Song of The Enlightened”
•There are only three things to know
•First two are called Kshara, Akshara Purusha - dvav imau purushau ( TWO PURUSHAS ) loke.(V16)
•Purursha= Pura+ Isha (lord of the city. )
Kshara / Akshara Purusha
Kshara- Visible, tangible, Gross body, Gross world - it is a jadam, tangible, changeable-savikaram, savikalpam-divisible. It has a dependent existence hence it is mitya.
Akshara- Subtle body, Causal body- subtle, not tangible. Eg - Mind, intellect, ego, long lasting, survives pralaya. Can be destroyed only by jnanam. But even this is Jadam - Werner says mind is a “Meaning Making Machine”
•We know this Subtle and Causal Bodies form the basis or seed for visible world (Karma)
Om Puurnnam-Adah Puurnnam-Idam
Om ShaantihShaantihShaantih ||