1.12th on Ishwara Swarupa or the nature of the God
2.This verse is on fundamental problem of Samsara
3.13th verse is the diagnosis
4.14th verse is the medicine for the disease called Samsara
There are two dimensions to God
1.Para Prakruti - Higher nature/ Nirguna not perceptible.
2.Apara Prakruti - Lower nature which is consists of 3 Gunas because of which we see the world through the senses
Our problem is since we cannot see the higher nature with the senses as we are stuck with 3 Gunas or Maya
The entire world is deluded by 3 gunas of Maya
consisting of the Gunas of material nature ( Maya / Apara prakruti)
bhāvaiḥ—states; ebhiḥ—all these
jagat—universe ; mohitam—deluded
param—the supreme; avyayam—imperishable
Further Sri Krishna says people are deluded because they do not know my supreme nature , they do not know me as the imperishable consciousness principle which is separate from the modifications of the 3 Gunas
We can understand this with this example
Bulbs, Fan , TV and we miss the Electricity which powers them
The bulbs, fan , tv are like the modifications of the 3 gunas
Electricity is like the consciousness principle which powers it all.
Similarly the world is a product of 3 gunas of maya
and consciousness or nirguna brahman is beyond the 3 gunas and the basis of everything.
Our focus must be on the higher nature so that the 3 gunas and discover freedom in day to day life
daivī hyeṣhā guṇa-mayī mama māyā duratyayā
mām eva ye prapadyante māyām etāṁ taranti te
The divine energy maya belongs to me , which is the modification of the 3 gunas is difficult to cross. Only those who surrender to me cross this maya
1.He is the controller of the maya
2.Surrendering to the Lord we can overcome maya
3.Surrendering means Bhakti
4.We should surrender to the higher power the ONE Changeless Principle in this ever changing world
3 levels of Bhakti
1.Manda Bhakti - I pray and worship the Lord for Dharma , Artha , Kama - meaning just to fulfil my worldly desires
2.Madhyama Bhakti - more matured Bhakti - for this person God itself is the Goal , there is no other worldly Goal
3.Uttama Bhakti- where one discovers that the God is not separate from me. Aham Brahmasmi. This level of Bhakti gives Moksha.
CHAPTER 7 – SHLOKA 16
Contributed By Smita Pai
caturvidhā bhajantē māṃ janāḥ sukṛtinō'rjuna
ārtō jijñāsurarthārthī jñānī ca bharatarṣabha || 7.16 ||
16. O! Arjuna, Four types of virtuous people surrender to Me - the distressed, the seeker of wealth, the seeker of knowledge, and the wise, Oh Arjuna.
Four types of Bhaktas
Artha – who seeks God only when in trouble such as health problems, monetary problems etc.
Arthati – who worships God to seek wealth
Jijnasu- who considers God to be the End Goal
Jnani – who realizes that God is not separate from him and there is nothing other than Brahman. He is Uttama Bhakta