Contributed By Dr Thimappa Hegde
Click here for Vivekacudamani 108 selected verses. Sri Adi Sankara's popular text. Online talks by Swami Paramarthananda. Transcribed by Sri A. Venkatesan & Sri Balasubrahmanyam Pattoo available at arshaavinash.in
Vivekachudamani – Class 10
22nd March 2021
Gannaanaam Tvaa Ganna-Patim Havaamahe
Kavim Kaviinaam-Upama-Shravastamam |
Aa Nah Shrnnvan-Uutibhih Siida Saadanam
Om Mahaganadhipathayenamaha ||
Dr. Thimappa Hegde
•Prakaranagrantha with 581 verses
•We are studying 108 verses
•It is the gist of the Vedanta in a very systematic manner
Rare & Difficult to get Durlabham
•to be born as human
•intense desire for liberation
•Mahapurusha samshraya taking refuge under a Guru
Glory of Being Human- Only in the human birth one can hope for liberation.
Mōkṣha should be the goal of our life.
Mōkṣha can be attained only through jñānaṁ.
Jñānaṁ can be attained only through śāstram;
Śastram is meaningful only through a Guru.
Qualified Guru and Qualified Disciple
Mundakopanishad Verse 1.2.12
nirvedamāyānnāstyakṛtaḥ kṛtena |
tadvijñānārthaṃ sa gurumevābhigacchet
samitpāṇiḥśrotriyaṃbrahmaniṣṭham || 12 ||
We are the fortunate ones
kaśhchid yatati siddhaye
yatatām api siddhānāṁ
Vivēkachūḍāmaṇi- In the form of a Dialogue between a Guru and a Disciple
7 Questions &Elaborate Answers
•Ishwara – Paramatma
7th Bandha Prathiṣṭa •What nourishes this bondage
•All the worldly activities nourishes the bondage
•Avidya Kama Karma
•Vichara destroys the bondage
What is the cause of the bondage ?
Śhankarāchārya says mistaking the body as myself is the cause of bondage.
This is due to Self Ignorance
What is the means of mōkṣḥa ?
If I am not the body, who am I?
Only by enquiry- Giving up of dēhaabhīmāna is mōkṣḥa
Pancha Kosha Viveka
1.Consciousness is not a part, product or property of the body.
2.Consciousness is an independent principle which pervades and enlivens the body.
3.Consciousness is not limited by the boundaries of the body.
4.Consciousness survives even after the fall of the body.
5.The surviving pure Consciousness is not accessible to anyone. It needs a medium to manifest.
1.Existence is not a part, product or property of the body.
2.Existence is an independent principle which pervades and enlivens the body.
3.Existence is not limited by the boundaries of the body.
4.Existence survives even after the fall of the body.
5.The surviving pure Existence is not accessible to anyone. It needs a medium to manifest.
1.Ananda is not a part, product or property of the body.
2.Ananda is an independent principle which pervades and enlivens the body.
3.Ananda is not limited by the boundaries of the body.
4.Ananda survives even after the fall of the body.
5.The surviving pure Ananda is not accessible to anyone. It needs a medium to manifest.
Verse 22 Upadesha Sara
Pancha-Kosha-Viveka: The Method to Wake-up to the Atma
विग्रहेन्द्रियप्राणधीतमः । नाहमेकसत्तज्जडं ह्यसत् ॥ २२॥
Vigrahendriya praana dheetamah
Naham eka sat tad jadam hi asat
Verse 55 (187)
Contributed by Smt Mamatha Shankar
Pancha kosha viveka - Vijnanamaya Kosha
ØPart of Pancha Kosha
•Intellect, Rational Faculty
ØA part of Vijnanamaya Kosha
•Annamaya - the physical hand
•Pranamaya - painting using hand
•Manomaya – the thought to paint
•Vijnanamaya – Awareness that I am painting
•Kartha and Bhokta
Øperforms wordly interaction/activities
•Result - good & bad actions
•Law of karma
Verse 56 (206)
Contributed by Dr. Sanjay Mehrotra
•There are five Koshas which we have known from Tattvabodha – these are: Annamayah Kosha Manomayah Kosha Pranamayah Kosha Vijnanamayah Kosha Anandamayah kosha
•A Jiva – Considers himself by mistake as physical body and becomes a Karta & a Bhokta and thus has to incur Karmaphala by which he obtains Papa & Punya which leads to Punarapi Jananam and Punarapi Maranam – the cycle of birth and death goes on.
In a previous verse 188 of Viveka chudamani Shankaracharya says:
Out of all the Koshas the Vijnanamaya kosha is the most brilliant and the Jiva considers himself this only. Why?
Because of its extreme proximity to Paramatma, the Self. This is also the subtlest. This Jivatma which comprises Buddhi & Borrowed consciousness sees itself as a separate entity and believes to be Plural or separate from others.
In the verse 206 Shankaracharya is saying the Vijnanamayah Kosha is not the Atma
Shankaracharya here in this verse is stating that this Vijnanamaya kosha is not Paramatma
This is also not Paramatma
This vijnanamaya kosha Paramatma na syat
For a Gyani – all the Koshas including the Vijnanamaya Kosha is not Atma!
For an Agyani – All these Koshas are his self only, specially the Vijyanamaya kosha!
The Vijnanamaya kosha is not me – it is anatma – because it is subject to change- vikāritvāt. Intellectual personality is subject to change- I am aware of this change – so I can not be what is changing. Atma is Nirvikarah – the Shruti says.
•Vijnanamaya is also Jadam – jjadatvacca – Brain is only a Jada vastu – it is inert & is given sentience by the Atma
•Paricchinnatvahetutah – mind and intellect (vijnanamaya kosha) are limited and Atma is limitless.
•Drushyatvaat – Vijnanamayah kosha is an object of our senses – we are conscious of our intellect and hence can not be subject.
•Vyabhichaaritvaat – it is not constantly present- the intellect is not serving all the time. In deep sleep it is not available – as it is not available all the time it cannot be Atma, vyabhichaaritvam means it disappears and appears.
•Anityatvaat – it is not eternal, The intellect is mortal, changing and variable.
This all means that Vijnanamaya kosha can not be the Self, the reality which is Eternals!
Anityah vijnanamayah nityah atma na isyate na bhavathi - The impermanent Vijnanamaya cannot be permanent Atma.
Verse 57 (207)
Contributed by Dr. Kiran
ānandapratibimbacumbitatanuḥ, vṛttistamojṛmbhitā syādānandamayaḥ priyādiguṇakaḥ
sveṣṭā rthalābhodayaḥ Ipuṇyasyānubhave vibhāti kṛtinām, ānandarūpaḥ svayaṃ bhūtvā
nandati yatra sādhu tanubhṛd-mātraḥ prayatnaṃ vinā II[mantra 57] 
•Anandamaya Kosha is more subtler than Vijnanamaya
Is ANANDA an experience?
●Now comes the bouncer?
●Is ananda an experience, Do we need mind to experience Ananda?
●Why- ANANDA IS ATMA SWAROOPA- just like I do not need any proof for me to say I exist. I do not need any pramana for Ananda. Like burning of fire, illumination of light, like space
●Deep sleep is God’s way of showing it- NO EFFORT NEEDED
●Mind by its capacity to reflect alters this according to situation- Rajasic, tamasic
●In anandamaya kosha we experience happiness even though mind is absent
● There is only Atma + avidya
●Occurs due to punya- capacity to go to sleep- quietened mind needed for sleep
●So Ananda vrittis like Priya, Moda etc... belong to karana sharira and not mind
Verse 58 (208)
Contributed by Kum Deeksha
Verse 59 (209)
Contributed by Kum Vindhya
Verse 60 (210)
Contributed by Smt Triveni
पञ्चानामपि कोशानां निषेधे युक्तितः श्रुतेः । तन्निषेधावधि साक्षी बोधरूपोऽवशिष्यते ॥ २१0 ॥
When all the five sheaths have been eliminated by the reasoning on Shruti passages, what remains as the culminating point of the process, is the Witness, the Knowledge Absolute – the Ātman.
Shruti in Sanskrit means "that which is heard" and refers to the body of most authoritative, ancient religious texts comprising the central canon of Hinduism.
The Shruti texts encompass
2. The Samhitas
3. The Brahmanas
4. The Aranyakas
5. and The Upanishads
Yukti means reasoning, argument, proof, influence, induction, deduction from circumstances etc
Analysis of Princess of Kashi Story
All great Masters love this story
Why did the Prince’s desire disappear ?
He realized that what he was seeking was not other than himself
The Seeker is the Sought
Om Puurnnam-Adah Puurnnam-Idam
Om ShaantihShaantihShaantih ||