Contributed By Dr Thimappa Hegde
Click here for Vivekacudamani 108 selected verses. Sri Adi Sankara's popular text. Online talks by Swami Paramarthananda. Transcribed by Sri A. Venkatesan & Sri Balasubrahmanyam Pattoo available at arshaavinash.in
Vivekachudamani – Class 12
5th April 2021
Recap of Previous Class
Contributed by Dr. Gautam Diwakar
2 fold meanings of ‘I’-
Vachyartha: Body-mind complex
Lakshyartha: Refined, Paramarthika ‘I’
Extended Answer to the 7th Question ATMA-ANATMA VIVEKA
avasthātrayasākṣī san, nirvikāronirañjanaḥ.
sadānandaḥsavijñeyaḥ, svātmatvenavipaścitā 61
Svayamjyotih- Self Evident
Panchakosha vilakshana-Avasthatraya sakshi-Witness of Anatma & not influenced by their attributes
Nirvikarah-doesn’t undergo changes
Sa vijneyah- Know this Atma
Svatmatvena vipascita- As ‘I’ myself using subtle intellect.
śiṣyaḥ uvāca- mithyātvena niṣiddheṣu, kośeṣveteṣu pañcasu I
sarvābhāvaṃvinākiñcid, napaśyāmyatra he guro I
vijñeyaṃkimuvastvasti, svātmanātmavipaścitā 62
Student’s intelligent doubt-
After negating everything in anatma, I see only ‘blankness‘/ 'nothingness’
Is blankness Atma ?
This is Shunyavada of Buddhism
satyamuktaṃtvayāvidvan, nipuṇo'sivicāraṇe I
ahamādivikārāste, tad-abhāvo'yamapyanu II
sarveyenānubhūyante, yaḥsvayaṃnānubhūyate I
tamātmānaṃveditāraṃ, viddhibuddhyāsusūkṣmayā 63 & 64
Once Anatma is negated there is nothing to be known as an Object. But, the enquiry is on the Subject, who is the Negator.
Presence & absence of all Anatma is revealed by Atma.
Proof of Atma is Anatma itself.
CLAIM THIS ATMA AS ‘I’
USING SUBTLE INTELLECT
-iti, antaḥsphurannekadhā I nānākāravikārabhājinaimān, paśyannahaṃdhīmukhān
•Samujjrumbhate-Stands out across Jagrat, Swapna and Sushupti states.
•Ananda-Nature of Bliss
•Know this Atma by claiming ‘I AM ATMA’
brahmābhinnatvavijñānaṃ, bhavamokṣasyakāraṇam I
yenādvitīyamānandaṃ, brahma sampadyatebudhaiḥ 66
Consciousness is seen from Macrocosmic angle.
BRAHMAN is the only Truth.
Atmabrahma abinatva vijnanam- Knowledge of oneness on Atma and Brahma àBhavamokshaya karanam-Freedom from suffering
Verse 67 (225)
Contributed by Dr. Sunder
Verse 68 (230)
Contributed by Dr. Vikram Kekatpure
Verse 69 (231)
Contributed by Sri Vishwanath
Verse 70 (232)
Contributed by Smt Neelima
´We have seen the answers for all the seven question till 60th verse.
´Atma-Anatma viveka to gain more clarity about the topic, three more parts were introduced .
´Real Central teaching “tatparya “ I am the truth of the universe “
´First part deals with “tvam padartha”, the essential nature of individual from verses 61 to 65.
´Second part deals with “tat padartha” essential nature of universe or Brahman in verses 66 to 73.
ØBrahma satyam – 66 and 67 verses
ØJagan mitya- 68 to 73 verses.
´Third part deals with ”asi padartha” called as Mahavakya (Atma -Brahman aikyam) “tat tvam asi” (jeevo brahmaiva na para) -74 to 82 verses.
1. Atma anantatvahani
´If the world is real there will be 3 problems
´Advaitam becomes dvaitam
´Brahman becomes space, time, object wise limitation.
´Atma becomes finite and mortal
´Shruti statement is falsified “satyam Jnanam anantam” -Taittiriya Upanishad.
´Who knows the changing nature of universe and Atma.
´ETU cannot be valid means for knowing the truth.
´No punya papa, no purushartha, no karma, no sadhana, no moksha ichha
´Artha jani nyaya- half sentences in veda true and half are not truth like making egg half hatched and half cooked.
´Brahman becomes limited by world, vedic statement is falsified
´All six schools accept veda as pramanam.
´Senses are limited in their purview for true knowledge.
´Mundaka verse 2-2-11,"Brahmaivedam viswamidam varistam“ universe is brahman alone.
´Gold and bangle just differ in name, form and function but they are one and the same.
´Mandukya karika -vaitatya prakaranam 2nd chapter
´Brahma sutras 2-1-14 to 20
´All logical analysis and establishment of unreality of the world gets falsified.
3) Ishitu astayavaditam
´Lord is the source of vedas
´Lord words become wrong.
´He becomes liar.
Views of Mahatma
´Mahatma is astika vada.
´He does not accept this three doshas.
´Brha upanishad 1-4-2, dvitiyadvai bhayam bhavati
´No progress in life.
Verse 71 (233)
Contributed by Smt Nita
Verse 72 (234)
Contributed by Dr. Sachin
Om Puurnnam-Adah Puurnnam-Idam
Om ShaantihShaantihShaantih ||