Contributed By Dr Thimappa Hegde
Click here for Vivekacudamani 108 selected verses. Sri Adi Sankara's popular text. Online talks by Swami Paramarthananda. Transcribed by Sri A. Venkatesan & Sri Balasubrahmanyam Pattoo available at arshaavinash.in
Summary of Previous Class
Contributed by Smt Chetana
VivekaChudamani Adi Shankaracharya (Crest Jewel of Discrimination)
•Govinda Bhagavat Padacharya
•Guru’s nature is Paramananda
•Makes the unknowable known
Glory of Human Birth
Rare & Difficult to get Durlabham
Manushyatvam- to be born as human
Mumukshutvam- intense desire for liberation
Mahapurusha samshraya- taking refuge under a Guru
trayaṃevaetad deva anugrahahetukam
These three blessings –
are possible only with God’s Grace
Goal of Life
Karma Yoga to Jnana Yoga
Practice Karma Yoga
Prepare the Mind
Come to Jnana Yoga
Make Scriptural Enquiry
cittasyaśuddhayē karma natuvastūpalabdhaye |
•Message of this verse
Both preparation of the mind and acquisition of knowledge must be given equal importance
Contributed by Col. Vijayan
THE KEY BLESSINGS
•Atma Kripa - The grace of oneself and that grace is enjoying the required qualifications.
•Sastra Kripa- Śāstra kripa is that the words of the śāstra open up and give their meaning.
•Guru Kripa - It means the teacher being available to communicate and clarify the doubt.
•Isvara Kripa- The grace of the Lord is in providing the condition to study the śāstram; like birth, parentage, etc.
adhikāriṇamāśāste phalasiddhirviśeṣataḥ | upāyā deśakālādyāḥ santyasminsahakāriṇaḥ ||14 ||
•phalasiddhirviśeṣataḥ āśāste adhikāriṇam - The accomplishment of the result; that is mōksa heavily depends upon or primarily depends upon the competency of the student.
•deśakālādyāḥ - desa means place for imparting the teaching preferably an ashram
•Kala the time.
•Adya means environment.
•sahakarinah upaya - secondary causes which help in phala siddau.
Contributed by Dr. Netra
Contributed by Dr. Sheela
Contributed by Smt Pannaga
How do we know Jagat is mithya?
Contributed by Sri Karthik
tadvairāgyaṃ jihāsā yā darśanaśravaṇādibhiḥ |
dehādibrahmaparyante hyanitye bhogavastuni || 21 ||
Vairāgya is a mental disposition characterized by the absence of longing in all time-bound objects of enjoyment from this body up to Brahmāji, attained through seeing, hearing etc.
darśana śravaṇādibhiḥ – attained through seeing, hearing etc.; dehādi-brahma-paryante – starting from this body up to Brahmāji; anitye – in the time-bound; bhoga-vastuni – in the object of enjoyment; jihāsā – that-desire to give up; tat – that; vairāgyam – is the disposition of one who is dispassionate
What is vairāgyam?
Ya jihāsa tat vairāgyam
One way that vairāgyam is developed is through darśanam (experience)
Another mode of developing vairāgyam is śravaṇa – learning about vairāgyam with the help of purāṇas
Ādhibhihi – etc. By inference also we can develop vairāgyam
Contributed by Dr. Sandhya Ravi
The Four Qualifications
Śama,Dama, Uparati,Samādhāna, Shradha, Titiksha
Virajya viśayavrātāddośadrśtyā muhurmuhuh || 22||
Svalakśye niyatāvasthā manasah śama ucyate
Withdrawal from the objective pursuits by constant perception of the shortcomings in them, as a result of which the mind is steady in the goal of one’s life is called ‘Śama’ (control of mind)
•dośa- drśtyā- by seeing the limitations
•Viśaya- vrātād- from the host of all objects
•Muhur-muhuh – again & again
•Virajya – withdrawing (showing dispassion)
•Svalakśye- in its goal
•Manasah – of the mind
•Niyata- avasthā – abiding
•Śamah – resolution of the mind
•Ucyate – it is said to be
Develop detachment to overcome attachment
•3 types of thoughts generated (World, Vasana, Will)
•how should one give up attachment?’
•śaṅkarācārya says, ‘very simple. Remember the harmful consequences of attachment!
•Dośa drśtya Muhurmuhuh
Śama- Mastering /Managing the Mind
Svalakṣye- in the nityavastu, which is the only permanent source of peace, security and happiness. svalakṣyeniyataavasthā that state of mind abiding in or fixed-upon or focused on, established in the permanent goal of GOD.
Materialistic Religious Spiritual
Manasah Śama Uchyate
Sri Krishna’s assurance
The perturbations of the mind can be controlled by constant practice (Viveka Abhyasa) and detachment (Vairagya)
•cañcalaṃ hi manaḥ kṛṣṇa pramāthi balavad-dṛḍham | tasyāhaṃ nigrahaṃ manyē vāyōriva suduṣkaram || 6.34 ||
•Oh Krishna! The mind is indeed fickle, turbulent, powerful (and) firm. I consider its restraint to be very difficult like that of the wind
Śrībhagavān uvāca: asaṁśayaṁ mahābāhō manō durnigrahaṁ calam| abhyāsēna tu kauntēya vairāgyēṇa ca gṛhyatē || 6.35 ||
The Lord answered – Oh Arjuna! Undoubtedly, the mind is fickle and difficult to restrain. Oh Arjuna, However, it can be restrained through detachment and practice.
Story Message & Meditation
Dr. Thimappa Hegde
•yaṁ yaṁ lokaṁ manasā saṁvibhāti
•viśuddhasattvaḥ kāmayate yāṁśca kāmān |
•taṁ taṁ lokaṁ jayate tāṁśca
•kāmāṁ-stasmādātmajñaṁ hyarcayet bhūtikāmaḥ ||
Whatever world the man whose inner being is purified sheds the light of his mind upon, and whatsoever desires he cherishes, that world he takes by conquest, and those desires. Then, let whosoever seeks for success and wellbeing approach with homage a self-knower.
Om Puurnnam-Adah Puurnnam-Idam
Om ShaantihShaantihShaantih ||