Contributed By Dr Thimappa Hegde
Click here for Vivekacudamani 108 selected verses. Sri Adi Sankara's popular text. Online talks by Swami Paramarthananda. Transcribed by Sri A. Venkatesan & Sri Balasubrahmanyam Pattoo available at arshaavinash.in
Vivekachudamani – Class 9
15th March 2021
Summary of Previous class
Dr Komal Prasad
Contributed by Dr. Thimappa Hegde
maharṣhīṇāṁ bhṛigur ahaṁ
girām asmyekam akṣharam
yajñānāṁ japa-yajño ’smi sthāvarāṇāṁ himālayaḥ
- Brighu Valli. Taittiriya Upanishad
tadvijijñāsasva | tadbrahmeti || 3 ||
Verse 49 (166)
Contributed by Smt Lakshmi
The pranamaya kosha cannot be the Self because it is a modification of air (vayu).
Like air it enters the body and goes out of it, never knowing it’s joys or sorrows or those of others.
It is ever dependent upon the Self.
•Product of Vayu, PanchabuthaVikara
•Born out of RajoGuna of 5 Elements.
•Modification of Vayu Tattvam (Aadhibhuta)
•Once inside body... (Adhyatma Subjective) Prana Shakti.
Verse 50 (167)
Contributed by Dr. Anupama
MANOMAYA KOSHA VIVEKA
•Manomaya kosha consists of manah and pancha jnanendriyani:
•The 5 sense organs of knowledge
•Kosha mama aham iti vastu vikalpahetuhu:
•Based on sentimental association, objects of the world [vastu] are divided [vikalpa] as mine [mama] or I [aham]
TYPES OF ADHYASA
•Sadatmya adhyasa =ahamkara sambandha = total identification
•Samsarga adhyasa =mamakara sambandha = a simple relationship = pain of loss is less intense
WHAT IS THE GENESIS OF THIS DIVISION?
•Ans: SANJNYADI BHEDA KALANA KALITAH BALEEYAN
• SANJYA = NAMA [name]
• ADI = Etc =ROOPA [forms]
• BHEDA = Particular
• KALANA = Relationship or association
• KALITAH = Preoccupied with or endowed with
• BALEEYAN =Powerful
•The world is full of objects [nama, roopa with desha, kala paricheda]
•The mind perceives and registers all the worldly experiences
•The world is stored as thoughts in the mind
•I dwell upon this inner world and react with raga, dvesha, kama, krodha etc.
•When these emotions overpower my intellect, the manomaya kosha becomes baleeyam—my controller instead of being my instrument
Tat purvakoshamabhipurya yah vijrumbhate
•Yah = the manomaya kosha
•Tat Purva kosham = its previous kosha [pranamaya kosha]
•Abhipurya = fills up with these faculties
•Vijrumbhate = shines forth
Adi Shankaracharya gives this Metaphor
•Our whole LIFE = A fire ritual [Yaga]
•Our MIND = Sacred fire [Agni ]
•Our VASANAS = Fuel [Indhanam]
•Our SENSE ORGANS = Priests [Hotha]
•The SENSE OBJECTS = Oblation [Ajyam]
•Sadly this homa is life long [except in Sushupti]
•This brilliant manomaya agni burns all of us mentally with sorrow, worry, depression anxiety etc.
•This is SAMSARA TAPAH
मन एव मनुष्याणां कारणं बन्धमोक्षयोः ।
•mana eva manushyanam
Verse 51 (183)
Contributed by Dr. Raksha
Why Manomaya is not Paramātmā?
Verse 52 (184)
Contributed by Kum Veeksha
Verse 53 (185)
Contributed by Dr. Bhaskar
MANAH KARANAM, KARTA KARANAM
PUMSAH SAMSARA KARANAM
Vijnanamaya kosha is naturally ‘inert’
“ACHETANA PANCHABHUTANI BHOUDIKATVAT JADA”
Because of its subtle nature Reflects
ATMA – NIRGUNAM, NISHKALAM, ASANGAM, SARVAGATAM, EKAM
•अनुव्रजच्चित्प्रतिबिम्बशक्तिः विज्ञानसंज्ञः प्रकृतेर्विकारः । ज्ञानक्रियावानहमित्यजस्रं देहेन्द्रियादिष्वभिमन्यते भृशम् ॥ १८५ ॥
•This knowledge sheath, which seems to be followed by a reflection of the power of the Chit, is a modification of the Prakriti, is endowed with the function of knowledge, and always wholly identifies itself with the body, organs, etc.
•Reflected consciousness becomes the secondary source of consciousness, starts THINKING, PLANNING, ACTING
•Starts JANA KARIYAN
JANECCHAPRAYATNA is LIFE
•Later know to be ‘’SEEMINGLY EXISTING CATEGORY”
AHAM ITI ABHIMANYATE
•Jiva endowed with JNANA pursuit develops ‘AHAM ITI’ AHAMKARA, EGO, ‘I” Notion
•Ajasrammeans constantly there.
•ANUVARJA means always behind
•So, wherever RC is there, there is Buddhi and wherever buddhi is there, reflection is also there
•This is where the fundamental error occurs instead of claiming my REAL NATURE, I claim the reflected consciousness as my real nature
•Not a casual identification. BHRASAM means intensely and forcibly Eg; UDUMBO mountain lizard
•So, this error is BEGINNINGLESS
•Reflected consciousness is a confusion between ATMA and ANATMA
•Real transference impossible, ATMA is ASANGHA
•So the feeling of I ness and My ness is created,the mechanism of Samsara.
•This fundamental error ends with attainment of NIRVIKALPAKA JNANAM.
Verse 54 (186)
Contributed by Smt Vasantha
करोति कर्माण्यपि पूर्ववासन:
पुण्यान्यपुण्यानि च तत्फलानि ।।५४।।
The Vijnanamaya kosha has identified itself with the ‘I’ thought and ‘I’ vasana since time immemorial. So ahamkara or ‘I’ness has become second nature to it and is inseparable from it. Calling itself jiva, ahamkara performs all transactions of life. It is heavily influenced by the vasanas of previous births as it carries out all secular and spiritual actions and accumulates virtues and sins and their resulting fruits or karmaphalani.
Analysis of the Golden Buddha Story
•Ajnanam - Ignorance of my true nature
•Adhyasa – wrong identification with the body
•Need a Guru and Shraddha in Guru
•Guru reveals your true self with Shastras
•Prathasmarami, Atma Tattvam, See GB in all
Om Puurnnam-Adah Puurnnam-Idam
Om ShaantihShaantihShaantih ||