In the previous verses Krishna describes the Nature of The 3 Gunas – Satva, Rajas & Tamas
In this verse Krishna has concluded the description – of Bandaha Prakarah – describing in a nutshell, how each Guna – binds a person or creates an Addiction.
Verse goes like this:
sattvaṃ sukhē sañjayati rajaḥ karmaṇi bhārata |
jñānamāvṛtya tu tamaḥ pramādē sañjayatyuta || 14.9 ||
Sattva binds (one) to pleasure, Rajas (binds one) to action; Whereas Tamas
binds (one) to negligence by veiling the discriminative power, Oh Arjuna!
sattvaṃ sukhē sañjayati Satva binds to Sukham – Pleasure – Although, Sattva appears to be a elevated Guna but it binds a person to Sukham – Quietitude, Aloofness, Tranquility, which means that Satoguna Pradhan person may get bound to states described. ( But it is a Bondage!)
rajaḥ karmaṇi bhārata Rajas would bind to Karmaani! Which means a Rajoguna pradhan person would be bound to doing Karma all the time, so the addiction here is Karma Sangani.
Addiction to Sattva as well as Karma is problem – for example addiction to Meditation is a problem & Vedanta says addiction to even Shastra is also a problem, it does not mean we should stop Shastra vichara, though!!
Addiction to Tamo guna is what ? PRAMADE , which means addiction to laziness, sleep, carelessness!
And how does all this happen ?
By veiling the discriminative power or clarity of the mind, Addiction of any kind would make the water muddy – lack of clarity!
In the 10th Verse Krishna describes to Arjuna :
Sattva – manifests by overpowering Rajas & Tamas.
Rajas – by overpowering the Tamas & Sattva.
Tamas – by overpowering the Sattva & Rajas.
In the manifest Universe – The 3 Gunas are unequally distributed, which is the basis of the Yugas also where one of the Gunas predominate.
After the destruction of the Universe – Prayalayam - 3 gunas go into equilibrium and manifestation of the Universe again unequilibrium.