Contributed By Dr T Hegde
Chapter 4 Jnana Karma Sanyasa Yoga Recap….
Contributed by Ullas
Greatness of Gita
•Essence of all Upanishads
•Jiva vs Avatara
•Fallen vs Descended
•Purpose - Establish Righteousness
•Protect dharmik people\
•Chapter 2 - Self Realisation
•Chapter 4 - God Realisation
•Wave vs Ocean vs Water
Roadmap to Moksha
1.Obsession - Higher Purpose
2.Surrender - Praytna & Ishwara Anugraha
3.Qualification - Karma Yoga
4.Knowledge - Gnana Yoga
5.Attainment - Not in Time or Space
Inaction in Action
•Passive voice vs Active voice
•Doing without doer-ship/effort
•Benefits: No expectation, no anxiety
•offering Prasad to the Lord
•See Brahman in everything
•All conflicts end
•Burns all past actions
How to get this knowledge?
Shishya - Humble & Desirous
Where to find such a Guru?
The Buddha Said
MY DOCTRINE IS TO THINK THE THOUGHT THAT IS UNTHINKABLE
TO PRACTISE THE DEED THAT IS NOT DOING
TO SPEAK THE SPEECH THAT IS INEXPRESSIBLE
AND TO BE TRAINED IN THE DISCIPLINE WHICH IS BEYOND DISCIPLINE
Inaction in Action
buddhiyukto jahātī ’ha ubhe sukṛtaduṣkṛte
tasmād yogāya yujyasva yogaḥ karmasu kauśalam 2.50
With this Knowledge give up both good and bad actions
In this manner engage in Karma Yoga Karma Yoga is skill in Action
The Law of Least Effort
Nature functions with effortless ease
Grass grows, fish swim, birds fly
Flowers bloom, earth spins, sun shines
Vedic Science – do less, achieve more
THE BUDDHA SAID: THOSE WHO UNDERSTAND THIS ARE NEAR; THOSE WHO ARE CONFUSED ARE FAR.
ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT SUTRAS
To think the thought that is unthinkable.
It is a paradox.
If you can think then how can it be unthinkable?
Seems illogical –
But what Buddha means has to be understood.
There is a way to know things without thinking
Like a mirror reflects as it is. Yatha Butham
You can never step into the same river twice
You can never meet the same man or woman again
Open eye meditation
TO PRACTISE THE DEED THAT IS NON-DOING.
This is what Lao Tzu calls wu-wei.
Action in inaction - again another paradox.
Best things in life happen, they are not done
Breathing happens, sleep ,love , compassion happens,
Practise what Buddha says.
For sometime become a non- doer.
Consciously waste time.
Just sit, lie down,
If thoughts come let them come.
Be a watcher.
TO SPEAK THE SPEECH THAT IS INEXPRESSIBLE.
Zen is expression for that which is in expressible.
Dakshinamurthy, mounam vakhyana,
It can be expressed only through being.
In your eyes, gestures, touch, compassion
That's the meaning of Satsanga –
Being in the presence of a Master.
TO SPEAK THE SPEECH THAT IS INEXPRESSIBLE.
Mouna Vyakhya prakatitha, para,
Brahma thathvam yuvanam,
Chitram Vata tharor mule vruddha,Sishya, Guror Yuva, Gurostu mounam vykhyanam, Sishyasthu china samsaya
TO BE TRAINED IN THE DISCIPLINE BEYOND DISCIPLINE.
Types of discipline: forced from the outside.
Or just being aware.
This is the definition of a spiritual person
He thinks the thought that is unthinkable;
He practices the deed that is not doing;
He speaks that which is inexpressible, and he practices the discipline that is beyond discipline.
THOSE WHO UNDERSTAND THIS ARE NEAR
THOSE WHO ARE CONFUSED ARE FAR.
Let these four things happen in our life –
Express in Silence
Awareness as the discipline. From conscience -
1. Vaikhari Vani.
2. Madhyama Vani.
3. Pashyanti Vani.
4. Para Vani ( Anahatha )
All the great Masters live in the Pashyanti Vani because here, the object and the name of the object are not yet separated.
Chapter 5 Karma Sanyasa Yoga
1. Niṣṭhā dvayam - Description of two lifestyles
2. Sādhana dvayam - Two spiritual disciplines
3. Sādhana phalam - Benefits of the two sādhanas
4. Introduction to meditation – Chapter 6
Niṣṭhādvayam - Description of two lifestyles
CHAPTER 5 - SHLOKA 5.1 and 5.2
Contributed By Dr Vishwas
Arjuna’s Confusion about Nishta
Yogam Samsasi – Krishna you have glorified the Karma Nista,
Sanyasam Karmanam Ca Samsasi – You are also glorifying the renunciate
Yat Shreyaha etayor ekam – Between these two lifestyles which one is better
Tat Sunischitam Me Bruhi – Tell me clearly
sannyāsaḥ karmayōgaśca niḥśrēyasakarāvubhau |
tayōstu karmasannyāsātkarmayōgō viśiṣyatē || 5.2 ||
The Lord said – Both sanyāsa and karma yōga are conducive to Liberation.
However, among these two, Karmayōga is better than sanyāsa.
Sanyasa Karma Yoga Ca Ubhau Nihsreyasa Karav - both Ashramas are equally good, to gain liberation by following the Sadhanas of Karma Yoga and Jnana Yoga
Tayostu – Between the two ashramas Karma Sanyasat – in comparison to renunciation of karma
Karma Yoga Visisyate - Karma Yoga is superior Sannyāsastu mahābāhō duḥkhamāptumayōgataḥ
Shastras say Sanyasa ashrama requires a particular mental makeup which is not that easy
So, for the majority, life of activity, Grihasta Ashrama is superior to follow.
Krishna, Arjuna, Veda Vyas were all Grihastas
Sa Nitya Sanyasi Yo Na Dvesti Na Kanksati (5.3)
That householder who knows how to handle raga dveshas is a nitya sanyasi.
Preferences in grihasta life are inevitable.
However, one must not be a slave of likes and dislikes.
Mastery of likes and dislikes is converting them to non-binding desires.
Have dreams but be ready to face whatever happens
sāṅkhyayōgau pṛthagbālāḥ pravadanti na paṇḍitāḥ (5.4)
Only immature / childish think that there is difference between sanyasa and grihasta, not the wise ones
External changes do not matter, inner transformation is important
ēkaṁ sāṅkhyaṁ ca yōgaṁ ca yaḥ paśyati sa paśyati (5.5)
Sadhana Dwayam - Karma Yoga
CHAPTER 5 - SHLOKA 5.10
Contributed by Vishwanath
Brahmaṇy ādhāya karmāṇi saṅgaṃ tyaktvā karōti yaḥ |
Dedicating the actions to the Lord, he who acts without attachment is not
affected by papam just as the lotus leaf (is not wet) by water.
Brahmaṇy karmāṇi ādhāya - He who offers his actions to Brahman; Karma should be dedicated to the lord as an offering. Adhaanam - samarpanam or Isvara arpanam Saṅgaṃ tyaktvā karōti yaḥ– he who abandons attachment; Saha pāpēna na lipyatē - he will not be affected by any paapam. The karmas carried out by a Karma Yogi, does not produce any paapam. padma patramiv āmbhasā : As a lotus leaf is unaffected by water; True Karma yogi’s life is like lotus leaf in water - it is not tainted by water. He will not have any attachment
Karma Yogi is ever smiling with whatever karma phalam he receives.
•naiva kiñcitkarōmīti yuktō manyēta tattvavit|
•indriyāṇīndriyārthēṣu vartanta iti dhārayan||5.9||
“I do not do anything at all”
•8-9. Even while seeing, hearing, touching, smelling, eating, moving, reclining, breathing, talking, evacuating, opening the eye, closing the eye, the disciplined knower of the truth, understands “I do not do anything at all” bearing in mind that the sense organs remain in sense-objects.
SADHANA DVAYAM – JNANA YOGA Contributed By Dr. Sunder
THE SPIRITUAL JOURNEY
Karma Yoga To Jnana Yoga
JNANA YOGA- Shravanam- Mananam- Nidhidhyasanam
INACTION IN ACTION – IN CHAPTER 5
saṁnyasyāste sukhaṁ vaśī
navadvāre pure dehī
naiva kurvan na kārayan 5.13
This is not Karma Sannyasa but Karma Abhimana Sannyasa
Such a person does not act, when he acts
WHY IS THIS RELEVANT TO ME?
TRANQUILITY IN THE MIDDLE OF RESPONSIBILITY IS JEEVAN MUKTI
THIS IS POSSIBLE ONLY THROUGH JNANA YOGA
Various Stages of Spiritual Growth
CHAPTER 5 – SHLOKA 5.26
Contributed By Dr. Vasumathi
kāmakrodhaviyuktānāṁ yatīnāṁ yatacetasām
abhito brahmanirvāṇaṁ vartate viditātmanām
26. Oneness with Brahman takes place both (here and hereafter) for the self-restrained ones who are free from desire and anger, whose minds are restrained, and who have known the Atma.
Various stages of spiritual growth are:
(1)Being devoid of desire & anger
Desire to acquire things
Anger caused either by
*Loss of things acquired
*Obstacle in acquiring things
(2) Developing vairagya
Principle of vedanta: “My happiness doesn’t depend upon what I have. It depends on what I am!
Those who have integrated their mind
Mind is the instrument with which we have to undertake this spiritual journey
Unless the mind is focused enough, we cannot pursue spirituality
The physical body, sense organs, emotional mind & intellect, all of them must be fit & they should be available for my use
Becoming a yatih
The literal meaning of yatih is sanyasi
Sanyasi stands for committed study of scriptures
If a person follows spirituality in a committed manner, then such a person is sanyasi only
Therefore, Yatih means, spirituality is priority & all other things are subsidiary
Stage 4: Viditatmanaha
Jnana yoga means systematic & consistent study of vedanta for a length of time, under the guidance of a competent acharyah
This systematic study will lead to clear knowledge & such a jnanai is called viditatma
That knowledge results in oneness with Brahman (Brahma Nirvanam Varthathe)
Here merger is not a physical event, it is an intellectual, cognitive event
Aham Brahmasmi is Abhitaha
This oneness is there before death (jeevan mukti) & this continued awareness after death too (videha mukti)
The general example that is given in sastra to illustrate this merger is the pot space merging into the total space
The presence of pot does not create a division in space & absence of pot does not bring the space together
Similarly, I am one indivisible consciousness in the presence of body also & am one indivisible consciousness after the fall of the body also
nādattē kasyacit pāpaṃ na caiva sukṛtaṃ vibhuḥ |
ajñānēna''vṛtaṃ jñānaṃ tēna muhyanti jantavaḥ || 5.15
15. The Ātma takes neither the pāpaṁ nor the puṇyaṁ of anyone. Discrimination is veiled by ignorance.
Hence the beings are deluded.
Om Puurnnam-Adah Puurnnam-IdamPuurnnaat-Purnnam-Udacyate
Om ShaantihShaantihShaantih ||