Ultimate success in spiritual endeavours depends chiefly upon the qualifications of the seeker. Auxiliary conveniences such as time and place all have a place indeed, but they are essentially secondary
· Seekers of the truth should start enquiry - enough of karma and upasana.
· Unless we are committed the Truth is not attained. Time, place and other things do not matter
(While enumerating the qualifications), first we count the ability to discriminate between the Real and the unreal; next comes a spirit of detachment from the enjoyment of the fruits of actions here and hereafter; after that is the groups of six virtues beginning with calmness; and the last is undoubtedly an intense desire for liberation.
· Nitya-Anitya vastu vivekaha – Knowing what is real and what is unreal
· Iha (this world) Amutra (other world) viraagaha - Vairagya: Opposite of raaga is dvesha not vairaaga. No desires of this world or any other world. The presence or absence of things has no effect on us. This is possible only when we realise all this is unreal/mithya. Can be done by giving ourselves zero choice.
· śamādiṣaṭkasampatti – the 6-fold wealth
o Shamaha: Control over mind: indifferent to all the objects of the world (by realising their faults). Let them not enter our mind and create desire so that mind is available for our goals.
o Damaha: Control over senses: sense organs are restricted to their locus, withdrawn from sense objects. Most important is control the tongue (eating and speaking to others/self)
o Uparati: do not entertain any objective thought of any worldly object. See them but don’t let impressions formed in the mind as thoughts. (Just like listening to a discourse!). This is the same as Pratyahar of yoga
o Titiksha: without running away from the problems/challenges have the ability to face them. Stop complaining (worrying and crying). Only a dead body doesn’t have any problems.
o Shraddha: scriptures and guru message should be taken as THE meaning. Blind faith in the area of unknown and come to the conclusion that that is the truth. Guru is one who wants nothing from the student except the commitment. Scriptures = Upanishad. Without shraddha we cannot proceed in the unknown area. Student shouldn’t have ANY doubt on the ability and intention of the guru. Like we trust GPS in unknown territory.
o Samadhan: Focus only on the Absolute unconditional reality. Go beyond names and forms.
The desire to give up all transient enjoyments gained through seeing, hearing, etc., and also experiences gained through equipment ranging from a mortal body to the form of Brahma is called detachment‘.
· Dispassion is a very simple but very powerful tool. We don’t have a reaction to the world.
The tranquil state of mind when it rests constantly upon the contemplation of the goal after having again and again detached itself from myriad sense objects through a process of continuous observation of their defects, is called Shama.
Steering both kinds of sense organs (of knowledge and action) away from their sense objects and placing them in their respective centers of activity is called dama (self-control). The best uparati (self-withdrawal) is that condition of the thought-waves in which they are free from the influences of external objects.
· Uparati: No object is entertained by the mind. Mind + object + thought or Vritti.
· Do not entertain any objective thought of any worldly object. See them but don’t let impressions formed in the mind as thoughts. (Just like listening to a discourse!). This is the same as Pratyahar of yoga
सहनं सर्वदुःखानामप्रतीकारपूर्वकम् । चिन्ताविलापरहितं सा तितिक्षा निगद्यते ॥ २४ ॥
· Stop complaining (worrying and crying) about problems. Everyone has problems. Only a dead body doesn’t have any problems.
· Don’t allow the worldly matters to leave an imprint on our mind. Don’t take things too seriously. Go through every situation.
· Any experience created by contact with the world will be of either type – endowed with happiness or sadness. Both come, stay for a while and then end. Hence, they are temporary. Other than ParamAtma everything else is temporary. Don’t get carried away by either. This is Titiksha.
That by which one understands the exact import of the scriptures as well as the pregnant words of advice of the preceptor is called sraddha* by the wise; by this alone does Reality become manifestly clear.
· Shraddha: scriptures and guru message should be taken as THE meaning.
· Unbiased blind faith in the area of unknown (guided by a guru) and come to the conclusion that That is the truth.
· Guru is one who wants nothing from the student except commitment to the cause.
· Scriptures = Upanishad. Any shastra that is aimed at or is focused on a certain population, place time, historical or geological category, cannot reveal the Truth. Shastras have to be standard and common for all of humanity.
· Without Shraddha we cannot proceed in the unknown area.
· Student shouldn’t have ANY doubt on the ability and intention of the guru. Like we trust GPS in unknown territory.
सर्वदा स्थापनं बुद्धेः शुद्धे ब्रह्मणि सर्वदा । तत्समाधानमित्युक्तं न तु चित्तस्य लालनम् ॥ २६ ॥
sarvadā sthāpanaṃ buddheḥ śuddhe brahmaṇi sarvadā | tatsamādhānamityuktaṃ na tu cittasya lālanam || 26 ||
Samaadhaana or one-pointedness is that condition when the mind is constantly engaged in the total contemplation of the ever-pure Brahman; it is not gained through any curious indulgence of the mind