विदित्वा इदम् viditvā idam having known (and practised) this यॊगी अत्येति yogī atyeti the yogi goes beyond सर्वं तत् पुण्यफलम् sarvaṃ tat puṇyaphalam all that punyaphala यत् प्रदिष्टम् yat pradiṣṭam which is promised,वेदेषु vedeṣu with regard to (the study of) the vedas, यज्ञेषु yajñeṣu (the performance of) yajnas तपः सु tapaḥ su (the practice of) austerities च ए एव ca e eva and also दानेषु dāneṣu (the distribution of) charity, उपैति upaiti he attains परम् param the supreme, च आध्यम् ca ādhyam and primal स्थानम् sthānam abode
28. Having known (and practised) this the yogi goes beyond all that punyaphala which is promised with regard to (the study of) the Vedas (the performance of) Yajnas, ((the practice of) austerities and also (the distribution of charity). He attains the supreme and primal abode.
Upasana - Types
9th Chapter of the Gita
Chapter 9 is on sadyo-mukti .
Nirguṇa īśvara jñāna may seem abstract and difficult
Krishna says susukum for the prepared mind with upasana.
This greatest knowledge can remain a secret
Important to have faith (śraddhā) .
Ignorance of formless God is the reason for samsara.
Bhakti is given as a remedy for the problem of samsara.