Contributed By Dr Thimappa Hegde
Click here for Vivekacudamani 108 selected verses. Sri Adi Sankara's popular text. Online talks by Swami Paramarthananda. Transcribed by Sri A. Venkatesan & Sri Balasubrahmanyam Pattoo available at arshaavinash.in
Vivekachudamani – Class 3
01st February 2021
Verses 7 to 12
Contributed by Dr Anupama Shetty
THE TEXT UP TILL NOW TAUGHT US THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE MEANS TO ATTAIN OUR SPIRITUAL GOAL OF MOKSHA
Jnanath eva Kaivalyam
JNANA SELF ENQUIRY
SELF ENQUIRY SCRIPTURAL STUDY
SCRIPTURAL STUDY GURU
HOW DOES THE STUDENT APPROACH THE GURU?
•As LORD KRISHNA SAID
•TADVIDHI PRANIPATENA PARIPRASHNENA SEVAYA
•Prostrate to the guru without ego
•Serve him selflessly
HOW DOES THE GURU RESPOND?
•Being an ocean of compassion =DAYASINDUM
•And the supreme knower of BRAHMAN =BRAHMAVIT UTTAMAM
•He will willingly oblige
•After all BRAHMAVIDYA is his autobiography
•He is a SROTRIYA BRAHMA NISTA
What are the Qualifications of a Student?
•The student referred to as ADHIKARI here is comparable to
•KNOWLEDGE is like the SEED
•MOKSHA is like the FRUIT
PRIMARY and SECONDARY QUALIFICATIONSOF THE STUDENT ARE
•VISHESHA or PRIMARY qualification is SADANA CHATUSHTAYA SAMPATTI
•SAHAKARINAH or SECONDARY Qualifications are appropriate TIME, PLACE and STAGE OF LIFE
VISESHA OR PRIMARY QUALIFICATIONS ARE
•THE 4 Ds or the 4 Disciplines called CHATVARI SADANANI
•Abidance in Atma is possible only with the possession of optimal levels of these Chatvari Sadanani
•With out these Atma jnana is IMPOSSIBLE
•YAD ABHAVE NA SIDHYATI
•The student with these 4 mandatory qualifications—the
•CHATVARI SADANANI is called SADANA CHATUSHTAYA SAMPANNA
•In short, they are
•1]VIVEKA=DISCRIMINATION BETWEEN NITHYA AND ANITHYA
The permanent and ephemeral
•2]VIRAGYA=DISPASSION TOWARDS THE ANITHYA
•3]SHAMADI SHATKA SAMPATTI
—SHAMA, DAMA, UPARAMA, TITIKSHA, SHRADDA and SAMADANA
•4]MUMUKSHUTVAM = DESIRE FOR MOKSHA
WHAT IS THE EFFECT OF THIS DISCIPLINE?
•With VIVEKA-THE ABILITY TO DISTINGUISH SATHYA FROM MITHYA ONE EXPERIENCES A
• GRADUAL SHIFT FROM THE TRIANGULAR FORMAT OF
BINARY FORMAT – BRAHMA SATHYA JAGATH MITHYA
•WE MAKE AN INTELLECTUAL SHIFT FROM VYAVAHARIKA PRAPANCHA TO THE PARAMARTHIKA TRUTH
•This becomes as assimilated fact with viveka
•Dispassion for the anithya Jagath becomes effortless with VIRAGYA
•VIRAJYA VISHAYA VRAATHA DOSHA DRISHTYA MUHURMUHUH
•We have to repeatedly reassure ourselves that detachment towards the impermanent = vishayavratha, would free us from worry, anxiety and grief
•BRAHMA SATHYA JAGATH MITHYA
SHAMA or MANO NIGRAHA
•SVA LAKSHYE NIYATA AVASTHA MANASAH SHAMA UCHYATE
•When ones own ultimate goal of life [sva lakshye] is attainment of permanent peace, security and happiness in GOD
•When the mind abides on this permanent goal-GOD
[nithya avastha manasah]
•One is said to have mastered the mind [SHAMA]
MUHURMUHUH means AGAIN and AGAIN
•With practice and repeated use of VIVEKA in all aspects of life we come to realise that every conceivable thing right from our BMC [DEHADI] all the way upto Brahmaji [BRAHMA PARYANTE], everything is ANITHYA—BHOGA VASTUNI
•When this knowledge becomes a conviction, the desire to give up the anithya [JIHASA] is natural
•The understanding of the fleeting nature and purposeless of anithya vastuni or DOSHA DARSHANA helps us to redirect our thoughts to GOD
•This redirection of the mind from MATERIAL TO SPIRITUAL thoughts is called SHAMA
•LET`S PROCEED FROM HERE
Dr. Thimappa Hegde
Gocaraṃ tamagocaram |
Sadguruṃ praṇato'smyaham ||1||
Contributed by Dr Sunder
Contributed by Dr Diwaker
HOW TO DEVELOP TITIKSHA
1)Practising TAPAS- Upavasa, Mounam etc
2)Gracefully accepting choice-less difficulties
God, grant me the serenity to accept the things I cannot change, courage to change the things I can, and wisdom to know the difference
CONDITIONS TO FOLLOWFOR TITIKSHA
1) APRATIKARA PURVAKAM- Enduring difficult situation without hatredness
2) CHINTA VILAPA RAHITAM- Endurance without self pity or lamenting
Contributed by Kum Vindhya
Contributed by Asha Naik
Sarvada : Always at all times
Stanam : Fixing (the mind on an object for length of time)
Buddhe : Intellect
Shuddhe : The Pure reality mithral attitudes
Brahmani : Brahman
Sarvada : Always at all times
Tat : That is
Samadhanamityuktam : The internal faculty of concentration
Na Tu : That is not
Chittasya : Mind
Lalanam : Let loose (scatter brain)
Qualification of Spiritual Student
•A group of 6 internal wealth or virtues or faculties
•Sama, Dama, Uparama, titiksa, Shrodha & Samadhanam
6th internal wealth or discipline is Samadhanam
•From root ‘datte, dadah’
•sama is a prefix to ‘date - citta ekagrata’.
3 levels of Study ( vedantik)
•Sravanam (listening to teacher)
•Mananam (Reflecting over teaching)
•Nidhidhyasanam (Dwelling upon teaching )
Contributed by Apeksha
Fourth Qualification - Mumukshutvam
•Mumukṣhutvaṁ - Desire for Moksha
•Moksha – Not Freedom or liberation – “Desire to Give Up”
•But the main questions arises – Giving up of what?
Give up What?
•Give up the sense of limitation
•How does limitation arise?
•Sense of Localisation - “I am here”
•Experienced only in jāgrat avastha
•What gives us the sense of localisation?
•Identification with pañcha kōśas
How to give up?
•Understand limitation of consciousness is notional (not factual)
•Pot Space - Can a pot carry space from one place to another?
Find out the cause
•What is the cause of pañcha kōśa?
•How do you remove ignorance ?
•Benefits of freedom from sense of limitation
•freedom from sorrow
•freedom from fear of death
•freedom from sense of insecurity
Summary of entire Vedanta
•What is the problem? -Sense of localisation.
•How is it caused ?- By ignorance.
•How is it removed?- By knowledge.
•The ultimate goal of the student is mōkṣa,
•But what is the immediate goal of the student? ; jnānam
•Previously desire for Moksha, now very clear what I need is knowledge
Contributed by Smt Vasumathi
Karma Upasana yoga is presented as the first stage
•Jnana yoga as the second stage
•They are sequential yet overlapping
•Not mutually exclusive
Karma – Jnana conjunction (Samuchaya)
•Shravanam helps in developing the qualifications. Thus, karma yoga involves Jnana yoga, even though in a small proportion
• As one becomes more & more mature, the approach slightly changes. From karma yoga domination to Jnana yoga domination
•Even when one becomes Jnana yoga Pradhana, Karma yoga is not totally dropped
3 stage Process
•First, I recognize I am a seeker of liberation- without knowing what gives liberation, therefore called a seeker
•Next, I understand through scriptures that only self knowledge gives liberation
• Scriptural study under a Guru is compulsory, so one becomes a seeker of scriptural study under a Guru
•When all the three types of conversions have taken place, the Mumukshu has become a Jignasu, a desirer of knowledge
What knowledge? Atmanaha tatvam Desirous of knowing one’s real nature Sravanam requires time
So what should the disciple do?
He should approach the Guru - knowledge has to be gained through the study of scriptures only with the help of a Guru
And what type of a Guru? Praajnam
An enlightened wise Guru.
For what purpose?
Yasmaat bandha vimokshanam
•Approach a Guru for gaining knowledge, because of whom, one is able to drop the shackles in the form of BMS complex & pancha kosha complex
•The bondage disappears by exposure to systematic scriptural teachings
•This is possible only through a Guru
•Without a Guru, the study will not be efficacious
Dr. Thimappa Hegde
Om Puurnnam-Adah Puurnnam-Idam
Om ShaantihShaantihShaantih ||